The combination of the blues of these window frames and the greens of the Cacti in the garden were another heart-stopping element of the the Airbnb we found in Mexico City. Who was who said blue and green should never be seen without another colour in-between?
The Cacti are a family of flowering plants, which includes those known in Mexico as nopal. This family is unique to America, and is divided into three groups: The first group includes the nopal (from the Nahuatl; nopalli, from nochtli, prickly pear and palli, leaf), and the xoconostle (from the Nahuatl xococ, sour, and nochtli, prickly pear,). Plants of this group typically have flattened racket-like stems and fruits known as tunas. Also included are the chollas and tencholotes, which have slender cylindrical stems covered with thorns.
The second group includes the elongated, dwarf, rounded barrel-shaped and chandelier-shaped cacti. They are commonly known as órganos, cardonales, candelabros, biznagas, liendrillas, borregos, peyotes, chiotillas, jiotillas, quiotillas, garambullos o padresnuestros, pitayas, pitayo de abuelito, tetechos, cabezas de viejos, viejos and viejitos. Some of these species can live for over 500 years.
The third group includes a small number of species known as leaved cacti or árbol del matrimonio, which are considered more primitive cacti.
There are about 1,400 species of cacti in the world (Mabberley 1997), of which 669 are found in Mexico(Guzman et al. 2003) with 518 endemic to the country.
¿Where do they live?
They mainly live in areas where there is a lack of moisture, but some are also found in hot and humid areas.
The Chihuahuan and Sonoran deserts and valleys of Hidalgo and Queretaro contain about 60% of the genera in Mexico, of which 25% are unique or exclusive to the country. In addition, around 44% of Mexican cacti grow only in this vast region, in which possibly more than 400 species are unique to Mexico (Arias, 1997). There is also a great diversity of cacti in the region of Tehuacán-Cuicatlán, in the states of Puebla and Oaxaca.
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